Vol I No 045


XINHUA Cites Moves To Ease U.S.-USSR Tension Roundup Views Arms Talks

Radio Talk Reviews World Military Developments

Economic Aid to Developing Countries To Continue

Women's Group Develops Ties With USSR, Others


SHIJIE ZHISHI Evaluates Shultz Visit to Africa 116 Feb]


XINHUA Notes Officials Dismissed in Soviet Georgia USSR Arms Negotiator Cited on ‘Breakthrough’

PRAVDA Quoted on Euromissile Accord Obstacles Commentary Discusses Soviet Nuclear Test Resumption XINHUA Interviews USSR Scholar on Political Reform


Li Xiannian Meets Japanese Socialist Delegation

Anti-China Demons trat ion Reported in Japan

RENMIN RIBAO on Opposition to Japan Defense Spending 128 Feb]


Thai Crown Prince Continues Visit to PRC

Feted in Shanghai

Tours Hangzhou

Honored in Guangdong

Continues Guangdong Visit

Departs for Hume New Zealand's Palmer Discusses Upcoming Visit Australian Communications Minister Visits Shenyang

Chen Pixian Meets French Parliamentarians

PLA Navy Caief Hosts Banquet for FRG Vice Admiral Admiral Meets Zhang Aiping

CITIC Opens European Office in Frankfurt

New Envoy to Portugal Presents Credentials

9 March 1987

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I. 9 Mar 87 2 CHINA

EASTERN EUROPE CPC Official Holds Talks on Relations With Bulgaria H 1 Chen Muhua Meets SFRY Republic Delegation H 1 Delegation Visits Liaoning 1 1


Tanzanian President Makes Visit to PRC Arrives 6 Mar Meets Li Xiannian Li Comments on Relations Mwinyi Talks With Zhao Li Holds Banquet Meetings Held Deng, Mwinyi Hold Talks Deng Confirms Policies Mwinyi Visits Memorials Cooperation Agreements Signed Mwinyi Leaves for Sichuan PRC Scientific Delegation Arrives in Egypt Chen Muhua Attends Ghanaian Ambassador's Reception Envoy Leaves for Ghana's National Day Festivities

„2 ce ee ce ee EL


CPC Secret Document on Fighting Liberalization * [Naha RYUKYU SHIMPO 7 Mar]

Deng Xiaoping's ‘Prior’ Warning on Demonstrations K 2 [KYODO] Education Paper on New Term at Anhui University K 2 Book on Four Cardinal Principles To Be Published K 4 Ousted University Head Assesses Superconductor K 4 Foreign Firms Interested in Using PRC Satellites K 5 Yu Qiuli Urges Emulating Lei Feng Spirit K 5 Other Leaders Laud Lei Feng K 8 Commentary Exalts Lei Feng x 9 Hu Qiaomu Replies to Shanghai Student s Letter K 10 RENMIN RIBAO on Origins of ‘Total Westernization’ K 11 {2 Mar] Editorial Urges Sense of National Self-Esteem K 13 [GUANGMING RIBAO 1 Mar] State Council To Halt Extortion of Enterprises K 14 Industrial Economic Results Need Improvement K 15 Multi-Billion Yuan Bill Issue To Aid Investment K 15


China Receives, Utilizes More Foreign Funds K 17 Circular on Adopting Icternational Standards K 19 Ministry of Commerce Circular on Economy Drive K 20 Commerce Minister Liu Yi on Commercial Retorms K 21 Urges Smoot’ Commodity Supply K 22 State Investment Decisionmaking Process Viewed K 22 [JINGJI RIBAO 24 Feb] State Enterprise Personnel Appointed, Dismissed K 24 Craft Sales Abroad Rise Following 4-Year Slump K 24 (CHINA DAILY 6 Mar] Zhang Jingfu Attends Beijing Foreign Trade Fair K 25

I. 9 Mar 87 3


Anhui Governor Urges Expenditure Curtailment

Fujian Governor Notes Prwblems in Economy [FUJIAN RIBAO 22 tab!

Fujian’s Chen Guangyi Tours Rural Areas [FUJIAN RIBAO 22 Feb]

Fujian Governor Visits Overseas Chinese Families [FUJIAN RIBAO 23 Feb]

Jiangxi Statistics on 1986 Economic Development

Party Rectification Ends in Nanjing Suburbs


Guangzhou Military Region Studies Marxism Guangdong s Lin Ruo Addresses Cadre Study Course


Guizhou Congress Standing Committee Holds Meeting Guizhou Approves Regulations on Demonstrations

NORTH REGION Beijing Holds Congress Standing Committee Meeting

[BEIJING RIBAO 26 Feb} Tianjin's Li Ruihuan at Government Office Meeting




OWO90648 Beijing XINHUA in English 0632 GMT 9 Mar 87

[Text] Moscow, March 9 (XINHUA) Signs have appeared recently that the strained ties between the Soviet Union and the United States have somewhat eased.

Relations between the two countries became tense after Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan failed to reach any agreement on disarmament at their meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland last October.

Four and a half months later, Gorbachev declared on February 28 that his country decided to single out the Euromissile from other disarmament issues and proposed to sign “without dealy“ a separate agreement on elimination of medium-range missiles in Europe.

Washingtcn “welcomed” the Soviet initiative and tabled its own draft treaty on Euromissiles at the Soviet-U.S. arms control talks in Geneva in early March.

Althcugh the seventh round of Soviet-U.S. talks on nuclear and <%ace arms ended without progress on March Ird, the two sides agreed that the group studying the problems of medium-range missiles is to stay on for several more weeks to start working out a joint draft text of the treaty.

In his radio address March 7th, U.S. President Reagan noted that “breakthroughs” had taken place of late in some spheres of relations between the two countries.

Reagan has also announced that Secretary of State George Shultz will visit Moscow in mid-April and he will discus. with Soviet leaders all issues of relations between the two countries, including the possibility of Reagan's third meeting with Gorbachev.

While general bilateral reiations have eased to a certain extent, the two superpowers still have deep divergences on many issues, such as space weapons, nuclear testing and regional conflicts.

As to Euromissiles, there are also troublesome problems which remain to be resolved. For example, the two sides have differences on how to “control and verify” the process of eliminating all intermediate missiles in Europe, and how to deal with short-range missiles in Europe.

Roundup Views Arms Talks OW061842 Beijing XINHUA in English 1829 GMT 6 Mar 87

["Roundup: Signs of Hope in U.S.-Soviet Nuclear Disarmament Talks (by Shi Lujia)” XINHUA headline]

[Text]! Washington, March 6 (XINHUA) After two years of tough bargaining and setbacks, there are signs that the two superpowers are heading for a possible agreement on medium-range missiles in Europe at their arms reduction talks in Geneva.


Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev announced in a statement last month that the Soviet Union will not adhere to its original position and is willing to make a separate agreement on medium-range missiles with the United States. Gorbachev expressed the Soviets’ willingness to reach an agreement as soon as possible with the United States on eliminating all medium-range missiles in Europe within five years. The possible agreement will allow the Soviet Union to retain 100 medium-range missile warheads in its Asian part and the United States 100 warheads on its territory.

Washington responded positively by saying that the Soviet move is "a constructive step” and “removes a serious obstacle” in the way of reaching a new arms-control agreement.

While welcoming the ‘Soviet move, the United Sttes insisted that on-the-spot verification should be comiucted on the Soviet elimination of medium-range missiles in Europe after a treaty is signed It also insisted on the withdrawal of Soviet slort-range missiles from some East European countries.

There are signs that the Soviet Union will make concessions on these two points raised by the United States. Soviet officials told a press conference earlier this month tt they supported the idea of on-the-spot verification on both sides elimination of missiles. And Gorbachev had said in the statement that the Soviet Union will withdraw its short-range missiles from Democratic Germany and Czechoslovakia and immediately begin negotiations on theatre missiles with the United States once an agreement is reached on the elimination of medium-range missiles in Europe.

U.S. political analysts have expressed optimism about a possible U.S.-Soviet agreement on medium-range missiles in Europe, but some said it takes time to sign such an agreement becaus. of long-standing differences between the two countries.

The two superpowers tentatively agreed in Iceland last October to eliminate all medium-range missiles in Europe. But Moscow insisted on linking the issue of intermediate nuclear forces (as well as that of the strategic weapons) to strict limits on the research and testing of the U.S. “Star Wars" program, officially known as the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). As a result, no final agreement was reached at the Iceland summit.

Though the Soviet Union has now shown flexibility on medium-range missiles, it still insists on a linkage between the reduction of strategic weapons and the strict Limiting on the U.S. Star Lars plan.

Gorbachev said in the statement that any agreements on the reduction or elimination of strategic nuclear weapons “should be conditioned by a decision on the prevention of deployment of weapons in outer space.” This indicates that still tougher and more complicated negotiations on arms control lie ahead for the vo superpowers.

RADIO TALK REVIEWS WORLD MILITARY OWO70419 Beijing Domestic Serv'ce in Mandarin 2330 GMT 2 Mar 87 [Talk by (Yang Chao)!

[Text]! Listeners: I would like to use this time to give you some informacion about world military affairs.


The Soviet Union will equip its troops in Europe with a new laser weapon. This weapon can cause loss of eyesight and can deactivate electronic devices of enemy tanks and planes. Equipped in tanks or armored vehicles, this new laser weapon is difficult to detect. Over the past 5 years, the Soviet Union has continued to test this weapon in Afghanistan.

Recently, the Norwegian press disclosed that the United States will help develop and purchase Norway's Penguin antisubmarine missile. The U.S. Navy plans to equip its helicopters with this missile. The initial development and experiments will cost 300 million kroner. If the experiments are successful, the United States will spend more than | billion kroner to buy the missiles.

In the military expenditures of the South Korean authorities during 1982-1, ihe most prominent projects were those to upgrade their Air Force. Among them were purchases from the United States of % F-16 fighters, 24 OV-10 military transport planes, and a large number of airborne weapons, including air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles. In addition, the United States allowed South Korea to build 68 F-5 fighters. South Korea recently negotiated with the United States to purchase Hawkeye early-warning aircraft and A-10 attackers.

The British Government has announced that its Armed Forces have signed a contract with British Aerospace amounting to 1 billion pounds, equivalent to approximately $1.4 billion, to purchase a new-type Rapier 2000 surface-to-air missile. This missile is an improved version of the rapier Missile developed after absorbing the experience of the Malvinas War. It is aimed at countering high-performance. all-weather, los- flying planes and cruise missiles that have high electronic interference capabilities. Together with advanced plans, this new missile will make up the main air defense force of the British Armed Forces.

Not long ago, the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force announced the establishment of a unit whose sole purpose is the air defense of its bases. Dubbed the First Base Air Defense Group, this unit is composed of some 210 people ani has 3 detachments. The command of this air defense group is located at Chitose Base. Chitose and Misawa bases and (?Kunitoku) radar station each have a air defense detachment. The air defense group is equipped with surface-to-air missiles and antiaircraft guns.

The Australian defense minister announced at a 20 January Canberra press conference that his country has allocated 3.5 billion Australian dollars, equivalent to approximately $2.3 billion, to build 8 warships. Observers believe that the new warships will replace Australia's present convoy snips and destroyers and that they will be deployed in waters far from Australian shores, playing a significant role in the South Pacific.

An FRG military expert, (Wemur). said on 19 January in Bonn that during the past decade the Soviet Union has spent more than 320 billion marks, equivalent to $170 billion, building an antimissile air defense system. According to (Wemur), the Soviet Union now has more than 1,200 antiaircraft missile launching sites, some 12,000 antiaircraf* missile launching installations, 10,000 air defense radar installations, and some |,200 strategic interceptors. In Moscow, it has built a fail-safe defense system against missile attacks. Also in Moscow, there is an underground antinuclear commana that can accommodate 189,000 [as heard) personnel. In addition, the Soviet Union is further expanding its air defense program to counter bombers and cruise missiles.

To put frontier science research in high gear and overcome the shortcomings of the existing scierce research system, the Japanese Defense Agency is prepared to reorganize ite existing technological development departments and research institutes and to establish a second institute solely in charge of high-technology research.


The main task of this research institute is to develop the newest technology with emphasis on the application of radar, laser, and electronic equipment and on electronic countermeasures for future wars, so as to change the current unfavorable position of the Self-Defense Forces in electronic warfare.

Danish Defense Minister Hans Engell recently announced that women of appropriate age may volunteer for any naval unit except submarine, air, and frogman units. la 5 years, 160 women will undergo combat experience in ground, naval, and air forces.


0W090830 Beijing, XINHUA in English 0821 GMT 9 Mar 87

[Text] Beijing, March 9 (XINHUA) China will continue economic aid to 63 developing countries involving 222 projects in 1987, the OVERSEAS EDITION of the “PEOPLE'S DAILY” reported today.

According to the report, the projects include 13 new projects, 59 continuing projects, 100 projects involving technological and managerial cooperation, and this year about 40 projects are scheduled for completion.

"Providing financial support to other Third World countries has been one of China's ongoing policies, and the country has supplied 1,154 pieces of equipment to about 90 developing countries over the past 30 years,” the report said, adding most of the projects are running smoothly and have helped the recipients develop their national economy and raise the people's standard of living.

In addition to funding new projects, China bas picked up some industrial and agricultural projects which were suffering defic/is and turned them into profit-making enterprizes. A leather plant in Mali, textile plants in Burundi and Zambia, and the Tanzania-Zambia railway are just some of the projects improved through aid from China.


[Text] Beijing, March 7 (XINHUA) Chinese women are developing closer ties with their counterparts throughout the world. The All-China Women's Federation received 49 foreign women delegations in 1986, and sent |7 groups to 18 countries and regions. For the first time, Angola, Cote d'Ivoire, Bolivia and Argentina sent women's delegations

to China.

Relations with the Soviet Union and other Eastern European countries have been resumed and developed. A Chinese women's delegation visited the Soviet Union last year while women's groups from Hungary and Bulgaria came.

Visiting delegations were introduced to ongoing economic reform in China, the role of women and their position in the also gave a glimpse of English, French, Spanish, [and] Japanese also gave a glimpse of Chinese women.

China's women organizations have also set up relations with international women ane children organizations.



HKO31113 Beijing SHIJIE ZHISHI in Chinese No 4, 16 Feb 87 p 10

[Article by Wang Qinmei (3076 0530 2734): “Shultz’ Whirlwind Visit to B.ack Africa” -- first paragraph is SHIJIE ZHISHI introduction!)

[Text] The United States has suffered continuous setbacks when practicing Reaganism in Africa. The African countries are put stress on the United States by opposing the two hegemonic powers. The basic starting point of Shultz’ trip to Africa this time was to improve the United States relations with the African countries and to prevent the Soviet Union from quietly expanding its influence.

At the beginning of the new year, U.S. Secretary of State Shultz paid « whirlwind visit to Senegal, Cameroon, Kenya, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, and Liberia from to i4 January. This was his first visit to the south Saharan states since he beten secretary of state. What was the purpose of his visit? Last year, by practicing Reaganism, the United States tried hard to regain from the Soviet Union its spteres of influence which were seized by the latter in the 1970's, bet did not succeed.

In southern Africa, while greeting Angola and Mozambique with a emile, saying that it would improve its relations and promote its economic cooperation with the two countries, which demand a political solution of the southern African question, the United States also continued to support the antigovernment forces there, encouraging them to fight “low-intensity battles,” thus making “Africans fight Africans” with U.S. money and guns. Its actions met with strong opposition and resistance from the African countries. Tanzania and Zimbabwe sent their troops to help Mozambique, and Angola strongly condemned the United States.

On the southern African question, the international community also widely criticized the United States’ so-called policy of “constructive engagement,” aimed at “quietly persuading” the South African authorities to change their racist practices. Even the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives have disregarded Reagan's oppositio: and passed a resolution on imposing economic sanctions on South Africa.

The U.S. air raid against Libya, which exposed the U.S. policy of power politics, was strongly opposed by Africa, world opinion, and its West European allies.

The Reagan government brutually interfered in the reform and readjustment of some African countries, such as Sudan and Zimbabwe, threatenin, them by reducing economic aid, so as to bring them further under control. This also resulted in a further deterioration in its relations with some African countries.

Under such circumstances, a new trend has apppeared in the antihegemonic struggles in Africa, that is, while keeping to the main orientation of opposing the contention between the two hegemonic powers in Africa, stress is laid on criticizing the United States. A typical expression of this trend is that at the Eighth Nonaligned Summit Conference held in Harare, capital of Zimbabwe, last November, the participating states unanimously denounced the U.S. stand on the South African question and the U.S. air raid against Libya. Many participants demanded that the United States should compensate Libya for its losses. In the documentsc of the conference, the United States was criticized by name on more than 50 occasions, which had never happened at any previous nonaligned summit conferesce, and the Reagan administration became the target of public criticism.


The situation of the Soviet Union is quite different. In 1986, it normalized diplimatic relations with three African countries. It resumed relations with Ivory Coast, which had been suspended for 17 years, improved relations with Somalia, which had been deteriorating for 9 years, and resumed relations with Liberia. "he visits by African leaders to the Soviet Union also increased. Last year alone, there were 11 such visits by 10 African countries. Moreover, trade between the Soviet Union and African countries, such as Cameroon, Sudan, and Egypt, also increased by a big margin. According to agreements, the turnover of trade between the Soviet Union and Egypt wil! rreach $850 millicn in 1987, higher than the recored before 1972.

In short, the Soviet Union has not been “pushed back” from Africa by Reaganism. On the contrary, it has been quietly consolidating, resuming, od developing its political and economic relations with African countries. Although the United States has launched an offensive in Africa, it is still in a relatively passive position. The Lusaka Agreement and the Nkomati Accord, which the United States took great pains to help bring about, are still mere scraps of paper even to this day.

In view of the unfavorable situation in Africa, the United States cannot but readjust its policy, especially its tactics in southern Africa, and make great efforts to improve its relations with African countries. For this reason, since last year, the U.S. Government has repeavedly emphasized that it will take into consideration the question of the sharing of political power between blacks and whites in South Africa. It appointed the senior black diplomat Perkins as ambassador to South Africa and sent Under Secretary for Political Affairs Armacost to visit Zimbabwe and three other African countries. It also agreed to extend the period for some African countries to repay their loans and interest. The State Department announced that in addition to his Africa visit, Shultz is also ready to meet with Botha [as published), president of the African National Congress of South Africa, in the United States.

The purpose of Shultz" African trip is thse obvious. Some commentators said that his trip was chiefly aimed at reducing Soviet influence in Africa. He explained to some moderate countries in Africa U.S. policies toward Africa, especially toward South Africa, and, during bis visit, he repeated that the United States will continue its “constructive engagement" with South Africa, but is not in favor of withdrawing comapnics from there in order to apply sanctions against it. What were the achievements of this visit? Although it was conducive to improving U.S. diplomatic relations and to developing its economic relations with some African countries, generally speaking, the achievements were quite limited. First, Shultz ‘id not put forth any attractive proposals on the solution of the African question. Second, the response of the six countries was far from warm. Third, some countries still have quite different views on the question of southern Africa and other economic questions. The African countr‘es need U.S. aid. They have a greater need to safeguard their soverignty, independence and nationa. dignity. So long as the Urited States does wot change its stand on the question of South Africa and southern Africa, so long as it continues to pursue so-called Reaganiem, which is characterized by openly greeting with a emile while covertly supporting “Africans fighting Africans,” it is impossible for it to really improve its relations with the great majority of African countries, and there will be no substantial progress in the solution of the southern African question.



[Tex] Moscow, March 8 (XINHUA) -~ The Communist Party Central Comittee of Georgia has decided to dismiss T. I. Kedishwili, first wice-chairman of the republic's Council of Ministers, and C. A. Andronikashvili, secretary of the committee, the Georgian paper


A decision recently passed by the committee pointed out capital construction in the repurlic was not satisfactory and falsfication and forgery to cover up the fact were rife.

The departments concerned had taken no measures to correct these wrongdoings against the country, continued the decision. The malpractices in Georgia have resulted from serious errors in personnel training, added the decision.

Besides, three vice ginisters of construction in the republic were aleo dismissed and ten other senior officials were either criticized or demoted.

Observers here noted it was rare that so many senior officials were punished at the same time in one single republic.


("Soviet Official: Breakthrough for Euromiesile Talks” ~~ KINHUA headline!

[Text] Paris, March 6 (KINNUA) Sowlet chief megotiator Yully Vorontsov for superpower arms talks in Geneva said here today that the superpower suclear negotiations on Euromissiles had made « breakthrough.

In three or four gonths, Vorontesv said, a treaty on eliminating sedium-range wissiles in Europe can be expected for signing.

However, the Soviet official caid, Moscow would accept al! forms of verification of an accerd on dismantling sediue-range sissiles in Europe on the condition thai the United States wowld accept the same procedures.

This issue should be solved on 4 strict base of reciprocity, the Soviet officiel teld « press conference in the Soviet Embassy here.

He said that British and French missiles were not discussed in the recent superpowe talks but would be taken into consideration in the future.

Vorontsov arrived here today after the /th round of superpower duc leer disarmament negotiations concluded in Geneva.


OWOB1604 Beijing XINHUA im Engiish 1510 GMT 8 Mar 87

[Text] Moecow, March d (XINHUA) -- Amid widely spread optimistic speculations that an agreement on eliminating meiium-range gissiles from Europe is within the reach, the Soviet Communist Party daily PRAVDA said today that there are still obstacles that lay in the path.

“Groundwork has been laid for a practical resolution of the problem”, since Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev announced the sew proposal on February 28, PRAVDA said.

However, PRAVIDA noted that obstacles and difficulties have appeared on the way towards an agreement. It criticized the 1.5. Defense Department for conducting “malicious

propagenda™ on the issue.

For example, PRAVDA reported, the Pentagon has said that “even if all the American missiles are withdrawn from Europe, several hidden Soviet SS-20 missiles could be used to blackmeil NATO.”

PRAVDA pointed out that “other difficulties are aleo cropping up” on the way towards an agreement and “ultra-rightist militaristic forces are bringing pressure to bear sot only on the European aliies of the United States, but «wen on the Washington administration itself.”

The Soviet party newspaper stressed that the solution to msedinme-range agissiles ir. Europe requires reciprocal moves from the U.5. leadership, altho.gh the Soviet side is

prepared to sign an agreement on the iseue a6 soon a6 possible

It was reported earlier that chief Soviet arms negotiator Yuliy Vorontsov said in Paris Friday that there had been « breakthrough in Soviet-American talks on cutting cr iue-ringe nc lest missiles, and the U.S. delegation attending the current round of Geneva arms talks also said in a statement that there are “good prospects for reaching an agreement” on Euromissiles.


[Station commentary!

[Text] Om the occasion of the recent suclear explosion conducted by the USSR at Semipalatinsk, an employee of our radio station made « short commentary, in which it was noted that this was an important reaction by the Soviet Union to the V.8. refusal to stop suclear teste.

In August 1985, the Soviet Uniow declared « unilateral goratorias on suclear teste, while the United States, during the same period, c.oducted undergrownd suclear explosions on gore thes 20 occasions. Therefore, om } February when the United States conducted the first wc least test this year, the Soviet Union immediately responded sharply, not ing that thie was « demonstrative challenge thrown in the face of the world community.


The Soviet Union also announced the resumption of suclear tests to counteract the U.5. threat and to ensure the security of the Sowlet Union and its allies. On the question of suclear tests, the commentary continues, the United States and the Soviet Union heve made their own calculations. The Soviet Union, by means of « moratorian on suclear explosions, is attempting to prevent the United States from fulfilli-g the American Star Wars program. The United States, on the other hand, intends to reach « technica! breakthrough in space seapons by means of continwed ouclear tests. People are concerned at the appearance of «4 sew escalation in the arms race between tee United States and the USSR.


{["Political @efors Indispensable for Transforming Soviet Society, Says Soviet Scholar (by Tang Xiuzhe)” ~~ AI headline)

[Text] Moscow, March s (XINHUA) Political reform is becoming increasingly vital for the success of other reforms as the process of restructuring socie’y continues in the Soviet Union, according to a well-known Soviet scholar.

Reforms cannot be carried owt without changing and prefecting the political systes because their success requires the particpation of the catire population, explained Georgiy Shakhmazarov, chairman of the Soviet Association of Political Science, in an interview Friday with XINHUA. The importance and urgency of political reform are being felt more clearly as the transformation of Soviet society deepens, be said.

Shakhnazarov said « fundamental restructuring of the Soviet political systes is not much needet given that the system has been shaped over « perioe of 70 years. However, he said it does sot follow that no change could be made to the political system, citing total policies as one area due for refors.

Shakhnasarov, a jurist by profession, said that one of the most difficult and complex problems facing the Soviet Union is to review and reassess cumerous orders and directives leeued by the party and government which may now be outdated.

While these orders and directives helped to open vast prospects for greater democracy in the Soviet Union, reassesement and possible revocation of some tense of thousands of directives is long overdue, be said.

The priufessor etressed the need to review democracy, saying there is nothing shame! about it. <A review of democracy is necessary to embetter sociaslian. Every citizen should carry out die role in society, be aware of his rights, and gradually become accustomed to « life of democracy, be said.

Commenting on the role of the Communist Party in the democratization of Soviet society, Shakhasarov said socialism cannot be advanced without the leadership of the party. He said the role of the party should be to chart the political course for the country's development and that the party should not replace the functions of government. He gave the anuslogy of leading party official totally preoceupled with overseeing seed-eceing, becoming worthless as 4 leader.

, |



00 30836 Beijing XINHUA in English 0828 GMT 3 Mar 87

[Text] Beijing, March 3 (XINHUA) Chinese President Li Xiannian met a delegation from the Japanese Democratic Socialist Party here today. The delegation is led by Ryosaku Sasaki, permanent advisor to and former chairman of the party.

Briefing the Japanese visitors on China's domestic situation, Li said the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party is a collective and no one is allowed to o against this collective.

Li described China's domestic situation as one marked by stability and unity. He said China's policies on reform and opening to the outside world are developing steadily. “The Chinese people have benefited from these policies and we will uphold them,” he added.

He said personnel changes in China's leadership will not change the country's general principles and policies.

He said some foreigners hope that China will totally give up the planned economy, practice only the market economy and gc in for capitalism and overall Westernization. This is sheer illusion, he added.

China persists in the four cardinal principles, Li said. "We are engaged in socialist modernization, not a capitalist one. It is for socialism that we Chinese revolutionaries fought hard and fast."

Sasaki told Li about his impression of his visits to China and hoped to continue working for Japan-China friendship.

Present at the meeting were President of the China-Japan Friendship Association Sun Pinghua and Japanese Ambassador to China Yosuke Nakae.


HK260918 Hong Kong ZHONGGUO TONGXUN SHE in Chinese 1035 GMT 25 Feb 87

[Report: "Members of the ‘Spring of China Group and Japan's Right-Wing Organizations Make Trouble in Front of the Chinese Embassy in Japan“

[Text] Tokyo, 25 Feb (ZHONGGUO TONGXUN SHE) -- Members of the Spring of China,” an organization that has long advertised “democracy and freedom," and of Japan's right-wing bodies including the Japanese Universal Association,” the Society for the Great Restoration Movement," and the "Showa Restoration League last Saturday staged a demonstration for over an hour in front of the Chinese Embassy in Japan, arousing concern among the people there.

According to a report by the Japanese police, members of the above four organizations took buses from the Tokyo Yasukuni Shrine and arrived in front of the Chinese Embassy at about 1020. There they shouted slogans through loudspeakers for a while. Afterward, they left and then came back again. This was repeated six times.


Onlookers said that the full name of the “Japan Branch of the Spring of China“ ws the “Japan Branch of (the Spring of China) of the Chinese Democratic League. Apart from shcuting slogans in Chinese against Chinas current policies, the people on the bus also instigated the personnel of the embassy to “take part in the democratic movement, carry out struggle, and strive for a democratic and free spring. They also shouted anti-Chinese slogans in Japanese and condemned Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone and Noboru Takeshita, general secretary of the Japanese Liberal-Denocrat ic Party, for “liking the CPC" and p»rsuing a “capitulationist foreign policy.”

The “Japanese Universal Association, the “Society for the Great Restoration Movement,” and the "Showa Restoration League" are left-wing organizations that loyally defended Japanese milicariex built by the prewar Japanese emperor. The war prisoners visited by members of the Japanese Diet and Cabinet included Hideki Tojo. This aroused great repercussions among the Asian nations that were subjected to Japanese aggression during World War II. The Chinese Government also lodged a strong protest against it. That members of the right-wing organizations selected the Yasukuni Shrine as the point of departure for their demonstration and blamed China for its “intervention” in Japan's internal affairs obviously had much to do with the Chinese Government's protest against visits to the shrine by the Diet and Cabinet members.

There must be something behind the joint action against China taken by the Spring of China“ in collaboration with defenders of militarism in Japan. People cannot help asking: Was this an expedient action or the revelation of their true colors?


HK280800 Beijing RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 28 Feb 87 p 6 [Internat ional Jottings” by Fang Qiu (2455 4428): "The Visible Popular Will")

[Text] Japan's “MAINICHI SHIMBUN” published a survey 2 days ago which showed that 77 percent of the Japanese people are opposed to defense spending exceeding the Il percent limit of the gross national product. This demonstrated the trend of opinion in Japan on this issue.

This move on the part of the Japanese authorities has aroused strong international reaction. In particular, Asian countries close to Japan have expressed great unease. Although in the survey conducted by "MAINICHI SHIMBUN” those questioned gave a variety of reasons for being opposed to exceeding the 1 percent limit, 39 percent said that “Japan may very possibly become a military power,” 25 percent said that this move “runs counter to the pacifist spirit of the Constitution,” and 27 percent were “worried about greater international vigilance against Japan.” Putting these together, it can be said that the great majority of those questioned based their replies on preserving peace and on their concern for Japan's future developments. It is evident from this that in the several postwar decades, the Japanese people have gained a common view with the peoples of other countries on the questions of preserving peace in Asia and the world and preventing Japan from embarking on the road of militarism again.

The results of this "“MAINICHI SHIMBUN survey also show that the idea of certain people in hoping that Japan will take the road of becoming a military power has no oases basis. The great majority of the Japanese people are acting to nip an evil in the bud by expressing opposition to exceeding the defense spending limit as soon as this move is initiated.



Feted in Shanghai OWO31115 Shanghai City Service in Mandarin 0100 GMT 2 Mar 87

[Text] Yesterday evening Mayor Jiang Zemin gave a banquet at the Shanghai Mansion in honor of Thai Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon and his entourage and extended a warm welcome on their visit to Shanghai.

Proposing a toast to the guest, Mayor Jiang said: Today Shanghai had fine weather with warn sunshine. It symbolizes Shanghai's special welcome for Your Highness. China and Thailand have constantly developed exchanges in the fields oi economics, culture, science, and technology over the past few years. This visit by Your Highness will further strengthen our friendship and promote economic and trade development.

Responding to the toast, His Highness the Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon said: I am very glad to tour our fraternal neighbor country, China, on behalf of His Majesty the King and to have the opportunity to visit beautiful Shanghai. We have been showered with warm receptions all the way by people everywhere in China. It provides a very good opportunity for us to understand China, and we would like to express our sincere appreciation.

Accompanied by Xiang Chongyang, vice minister of China's Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Fisheries, Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon and his entourage arrived in Shanghai from Nanjing by special plane yesterday morning. Mayor Jiang Zemin, Vice Mayor Ye Gongqi, and others met the guests at the airport. After leaving the airport the hraored guests from Thailand visited the Jiang Nan Shipyard.

Tours Hangzhou 0W041330 Beijing XINHUA in English 1306 GMT 4 Mar 87

[Text] Hangzhou, March 4 (XINHUA) -- Thai Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon left here today for Xiamen.

The prince arrived here from Shanghai March 2 and in the evening he was honored at a banquet held by acting governor Shen Zulun of Zhejiang Province.

He visited a farm in the suburbs of Hangzhou and toured the Lingyin Temple and some other places of historical interest.

Honored in Guangdong 0W061633 Beijing XINHUA in English 1517 GMT 6 Mar 87

[Text] Guangzhou, March 6 (XINHUA) Thai Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon and his party today visited two cities, Zhongshan and Zhuhai, in Guangdong Province.

Accompanied by Deputy Governor Yang Li, the prince drove from Guingzhou earlier today to the Shaxi District of Zhongshan City, located in the middle of the Zhujiang River Delta.


He visited a clothing factory in Shaxi, and the Longdong Clothing Factory jointly run by the entrepreneurs of Shaxi Town and Hong Kong.

He also paid a visit to a peasant s family there.

In Zhuhai, the prince visited a brewery and a porcelain plate factory.

This evening Mayor of Zhuhai Liang Guangda gave a banquet for the Thai visitors. Continues Guangdong Visit

OWO71544 Beijing XINHUA in English 1442 GMT 7 Mar 87

[Text] Guangzhou, March 7 (XINHUA) Thai Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon and his party today continued his visit to Zhuhai and Zhongshan Cities, in Guangdong Province.

This morning, the prince visited an old folk’s home in Zhongshan which is a social welfare unit funded by local people. More than 60 old men and women live there.

The prince presented them with a heart checking instrument, and in return a 76-year-old amateur painter gave the prince a traditional Chinese painting he did.

In Zhongshan the prince also visited a washing machine factory with a total annual output of 400,000.

This afternoon the Thai visitors went to Fushan City and visited a rattan plant and a pottery and porcelain factory.

Later the Thai prince prayed at the Liurong Monastery in Guangzhou.

Departs for Home

OWO81106 Beijing XINHUA in English 1030 GMT 8 Mar 87

[Text] Guangzhou, March 8 (XINHUA) -- Thai Crown Prince Maha Wachiralongkon concluded his two-week state visit to China and left here for home this afternoon.

He was seen off by Xiang Chongyang, chairman of the Chinese Government reception committee and vice-minister of agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries, and Ye

Xuanping, governor of Guangdong Province. A young girl presented a bouquet to the crown prince at the airport. Thai Ambassador to China Tet Bunnak said at a press conference he gave at the order of

the crown prince this morning that the prince has gained a profound understanding of China through his two-week tour of China.


He noted that the prince has witnessed economic, scientific and technoligical growth in China's special economic zones as well as urban and rural areas and has made extensive contacts with Chinese people of different walks during the visit. The prince's current visit to China will certainly promote the friendly relations and cooperation between the Thai and Chinese peoples, the ambassador said.


OWO90852 Beijing XINHUA in English 0843 GMT 9 Mar 87

[Text] Wellington, March 9 (XINHUA) -- New Zealand Deputy Prime Mister Geoffrey Palmer stated here today that New Zealand “is prepared to devote resources at the highest political level“ to ensure that the relations between New Zealand and China

develop smoothly and constructively.

Interviewed with XINHUA on his eight-day official China visit starting March 14, Palmer expressed his wish that the forthcoming visit will help enhance the harmonious political relationship and broaden contacts between the two countries.

He noted that New Zealand is interested in establishing a sound basis of consultation and cooperation with China and in pursuing opportunities for trade.

In 1986, China was New Zealand's fifth largest market, taking 386 million NZ dollars (about 193 million U.S. dollars) worth of exports. He stressed that New Zealand can offer China many of the advantages it seeks to derive from the West without too