Kidnaped Mother and Son, 3, Rescued

The Weather

Today—Clearing and rather cold, with the highest in the 40s. Sunday—Consid- erable cloudiness and a little warmer. Friday's high, 40 degrees at 3:40 p. m.; low, 33 degrees at 6:50 a. m. (Details

on Page 22.)

The W

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Jury Fails To Indiet In Killing Of Husband

Panel Deliberates For 40 Minutes; Wirths Held on Burglary Charges

(Picture on Page 3.)

MINEOLA, N. Y., Nov. 25 After an all-day session cli- maxed by the testimony of grief-worn Ann Crowell Woodward, the Nassau County (Long Island) Grand Jury tonight voted no indict- ment in the fatal shooting of her multimillionaire sports- man-husband early last Oct. 30.

The jury deliberated 40 min- utes before reaching its deci- sion that Mrs. Woodward was blameless of crime in the shot- gun slaying in the Woodwards’


Oyster Bay Cove home on Long

Island’s North Shore.

The widow, veiled in black and supported on either side by her lawyer and her doctor, emerged at 8 p. m.—15 minutes) after her exoneration—from the county courthouse here.

The jury’s finding apparently had not assuaged her sorrow. She was sobbing heavily, as she had been when she entered the courthouse at 4:35 p. m. She had to be assisted to her car for the trip back to her Man- hattan town house.

Her reaction to the official

Chiet Justic

Chief Justice and Mrs. Earl the polio ward of Children's

closeout of the Gold Coast trag-

edy was summed up by her at- torney, Murray |. Gurfien.

“She prays that now she will be left alone,” he Said.

The official finish to the shooting of William Woodward Jr., bearer of one of the famous names in New York society and horse racing circles, was writ- ten in a moment of eloquent silence in the courtroom of County Judge Norman F, Lent.

The Grand Jury, after hear- ing 31 witnesses, including Mrs. Woodward, had begun its delib- erations at 7:05 p. m. Shortly after 7:30 p. m. Judge Lent was summoned to hear the panel's findings.

The jury came into court al 7:45 p. m. The proceedings’ were brief and routine. The) foreman, Ernest G. Blaich, a) Port Washington real estate man, handed up three indict ments.

They charged Paul Wirths,

23-year-old German alien and/| 9)

terday after he had accepted the post of honorary chairman of this year’s March of Dimes campaign in the District. Balloons

By Dick Darcey, Siaft Photosrivher e Accepts Role in Polio Drive

Warren visit Hospital yes-

and lollypops were distributed by the War- rens, whose daughter, Nina, was a polio victim but has since recovered. They're shown here greeting Mary Satterwhite, 4, one of the hospital's polio patients.

ICC Puts Ban |

On Bus, Train’


‘said the order would have an effect on all interstate passen- ger travel under the agency's

By Frank R. Kent Jr.

Stafl Reporter

The Interstate Commerce Commission yesterday ordered | an end to segregation in bus! and railroad passenger travel| across state lines.

Although the ruling applied specifically to only two cases the regulatory body had before it, a Commission spokesman

jurisdiction. This would include vessels plying inland and coast- waters. The Commission


a principal figure in the Wood-| made it plain the orders applied|

ward slayings as a nocturnal) only to interstate transportation |


prowler on the estate, withiand not to travel within’ the! three counts of burglary and! porders of a state.

one of petty larceny.

When Blaich had delivered these documents he was empty-| handed—and observers knew. that the jury had taken no ac- tion against Mrs. Woodward.

The case was not even men- tioned in court. Judge Lent politely thanked the jury, and the pane! quietly left the court- room. The entire proceeding had taken no more than three minutes.

Assistant District Attorney

See WOODWARD, Pg. 3, Col. 1

The ICC spokesman said there! might be further segregation cases brought before the Com- mission through the medium of complaints, or the Commission’ could recommend prosecution of violations to the Justice Department. But he thought the carriers in general would accept the broad implications of the orders. Penalties under prosecution in such cases range up to $5000 for each violation.

The ICC segregation ban ex-

See ICC, Page 16, Col. 6

Yule Tree Lighting Rick? QOuster Set From Gettysburg | - Of Hynning

GETTYSBURG, Pa., Nov. Challenged

25 (INS)—President Eisen- hower will give a short talk to the Nation Dec. 18 on

(Picture on Page. 16.) By Murrey Marder Stall Reporter

lighting Christmas trees. Mr. Eisenhower will press a button at Gettys- burg to illuminate’ the Senate investigators yester- trees, symbolizing Christ- (day challenged a security deci- sion which turned on a Treas- jury Department lawyer's state- ‘ment that he couldn't recall a

mas tree-lighting all over the world, in Washington's “Pageant of Peace.” The ceremony takes place in the Ellipse behind (10-minute talk with an FBI the White House. agent 12 years earlier. The unusual case of Clifford J. Hynning, which has received some previous publicity, was ex- amined in detail before the Senate Subcommittee on Con- stitutional Rights. According to the testimony,

Durbrow Named

Consul General

GETTYSBURG, Pa., Nov. 25 ”".—President Eisenhower to- day named Elbridge Durbrow of

Communism against Hynning See RIGHTS, Page 16, Col. 6

| ; :

Gen. Tayler’s Orders

‘Reance Ends

Cross Quits ICC; Denies

the original charges of pro-|


Chairman Brands Charges ‘Baseless,’ But Admits They

Impair His Services

MPs are patrolling the Pen- tagon checking up on the uwni- forms, shoeshines, and haircuts of Army officers and men.

This is on orders from Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, Army Chief of Staff.

All hands within the Army Department have been warned that they should set an example ‘in “personal appearance, mili- jtary bearing and alertness.” A Stafl Reporter imemorandum issued by Taylor GETTYSBURG. Nov. 25/¢xpressed concern about lack

of spruceness in Army person- ‘Hugh W. Cross, chairman of nel here, and declared “a the Interstate Commerce|™@tked improvement is re- * * * e : Commission, resigned today under fire by senate inves- tigators in a conflict-of-inter- est case involving a Chicago railway transfer contract.

President Eisenhower ac- cepted the resignation, effective ~ today.

The Senate P

(Picture on Page 2.) By Richard L. Lyons

His spit and polish order di- rected that “special emphasis” should be placed on the “sefv- iceability, cleanness, fitting and press of uniforms, placing and \polishing of insignia, and hair- teuts.

As a result, barbers, tailors


ermanent Inves GQne New Airborne U

Pentagon MPs Check Boyeopt of Military Appearance j_N, Over

and cleahers are doing a rush- ing business. | °

| Maj. Gen. John H. Stokes, Algeria Issue commanding general of the

Military District of Washing- ton, was ordered to set up al system of inspection. A spokes-|

man said that MP patrols have) been established

Issue Is Dropped

From Agenda in

in the Con- course and at the South Park- ing area between 7:30 o'clock

and 8:30 each morning, with| On New Members orders to report anyone whose

appearance is below standard UNITED NATIONS, N. Y., Another patrol has been or-|Nov. 25 (4)—The U. N. As-

dered to move throughout the Pentagon all day. Commanders sembly and France today

at Ft. Myer and other posts|dramatically ended their row are having their own checkups. | 4 While the order applies only/Over Algeria. The Assembly

to the Pentagon, it is expected’ imously _ that other commands through- unanimously dropped Al

out the world will issue simi-|geria from its 1955 agenda

lar instructions, following the “hose’s ideas.” and France called off its boy- cott.

The break in the deadlock imeans France will resume the

Compromise Move


tigating Subcommittee ques- tioned Cross in closed session last week on whether he had! used his ICC influence to help! persuade railroads to give a' new company the lucrative job of transferring passengers and baggage between Chicago's | eight railroad stations. Cross) was Lieutenant Governor of Illinois from 1940 to 1948.

In his letter, Cross told the) President the charges were “baseless.” but that the fact|the Far East will be curtailed that they had been made “im-| further, three infantry divisions weds Arm ay service Ob the | wilt be disbanded, and a new

Cross wrote thet he was re airborne division created, under signing, rather than fighting,|@ sweeping reorganization of because of his health and that) the Army soon to be announced. of nod aged gage ee a Bd The reshuffling, long in the eee sae respes ~ *| making, will leave the Army

ICC and the President. ' Pp aA said With 18 instead of 20 divisions.

President Eisenhower

he could “fully appreciate”; In accordance with the new gd a thanked him stress on mobility, ‘the new or “years of diligent service.” r ;

Assistant White House Press|**'¥P Will put greater reliance Secretary Murray Snyder said © armor and airborne: units “to the best of my knowledge”| with the line-up as follows: the aay had not asked) 1) infantry, 4 armor and 3 air- Cross to quit. P

Cross, a Republican, was ap-| borne Conese ; pointed by President Truman. | Necessitated by a cut in Army ICC members elected him chair-/manpower, the reorganization man last July 1 under an an-)wiji reduce Army forces in ge ge ge my eT Far East, Alaska, the Carib- contract was held by the Parme- bean and continental United lee Transportation Co. Last/States. Details still are secret, spring the ba pees - ea Bn Lae it is understood that the put it out for competitive bids. | . division (an Infant- The Keeshin Transport System| 1s" nail Geeiinn a Boon! name) submitted the winning bid and | in return from Japan to Ft. ‘received a five-year contract. Carson, Colo. and the 8th In- |, Cross reportedly admitted t0|rantry division now there will \Senators last week that he had he deactivated. ibeen “indiscreet” in discussing; Two other Infantry divisions ‘the contract with railroad offi-| probably will be dropped. No cials. He denied “categorically” | reduction in the divisions in that he had discussed with the | Europe is planned, though ay ay hewn e ae may be some slashes in Job for nimsen, supporting troops.

[At Little Rock, Ark., Sub-| For monthe, "the Pentagon committee Chairman John ~ been wrestling with the McClellan (D-Ark.), said its in-| problem of how to redistribute vestigation of Cross probably | Army strength under Adminis- would be dropped, the Ass0-| tration orders to cut back its ciated Press Reported. ‘manpower te 1,027,000 men by |_ [I don’t think it's necessary | mid.-1957. Various plans have now to proceed any further,”|been advanced for either 17, McClellan said 18 or 19 divisions.

Yesterday, the Army 4an-

By John


San Francisco to the rank of United States Consul General.

The White House did not name his assignment but it was speculated that Durbrow will go to Singapore.

The recess appointment of Durbrow, currently Deputy Chief of Mission in Rome, is subject to Senate confirmation when Congress reconvenes in

January. ee Scouts ..

District's Edith Renne Was Tee There

Slip of Tongue Brings Admiral Byrd. Icy Reminder of Lady’s Polar Status

(Pictures on Page 2) By Harry Gabbett Stafl Reporter Rear Adm. Richard E. Byrd

slipped badly on the eve of hisireached for a personal retrac-|


her. hastened to remind the Admiral.

Byrd, en route to New Zea- land on the first leg of his new- est expedition, couldn't be

with the children? Dad isn't doing his job and you why The America

Memo From Santa—Do you lovers on your Christmas

books and records. You'll

Christmas Book hours of shopping!

iwife of the expedition’s chief pilot. Those who attended the Ad-

miral’s press conference in the —— Hotel Thursday recalled that

Key To Sunday’s Good Reading In Your Big Washington Post and Times Herald

What's Happened To Dear Old Dad?— A famed writer and social critic claims that "American dads aren’t the fathers they used to be. Where are the fathers who used to lead the . 0 to boys’ club meetings . wait anxiously for a free day Philip Wylie feels

Holiday by giving the gifts they'll treasure most—

good reading and good listening . . and Record Section.

Life In Russia—Are Russia's children happy? are Russian women really like? What is the Soviet sense of humor? Is religion still alive in the U.S.S.R.? get a close-up of how Russia lives Russia” issue of Parade Picture Magazine.

4 Colorful Magazine Extras—In addition to the Parade

nounced an abrupt revision in its previously announced over- seas deployment program. It will send the 5th Infantry Division, now in Germany, to Ft. Ord, Calif, in January, in- stead of Ft. Campbell, Ky. Ad- vance elements of the already have arrived at Ft. Campbell.

The 187th Airborne Regi-

Army Shakeup to Disband Three Infantry Divisions

; Staff! Reporter American troop strength inemental Combat Team. now at Algeria came swiftly in these

iseat in the Assembly from

which Foreign Minister An- toine Pinay angrily stalked eight weeks ago tonight. Pinay iwalked out when the Assembly voted 28 to 27 to debate Al- geria’s troubles with France. Pinay claimed Algeria is a domestic issue outside the prov- ince of the U. N.

The end of the boycott over

G. Norris

be developments:

® The Assembly's Political ' Committee met in an extraordi- nucleus of the Army's NeW\nary 7-minute session and ap- Airborne division. Ft. Camp-'proved a motion by India’s V. bell now is the home of the 11th K. Krishna Menon to drop the

Airborne division, which is/4/8¢Tian item. moving to Europe. Another Air-| ° The Assembly itself met borne combat team or two wil] "¢xt im plenary session and be transferred to Campbell to|\Within 5 minutes approved join the new division. which ‘e action of the political com- probably will be named the|/™ittee. No one spoke during 10lst, after a famed World War |*™** period. President Jose II paratroop unit. ‘Maza, Chilean diplomat who Army officials said the new|P/ayed &@ major role in the airborne division will be a Secret negotiations, announced lined unit, stripped of its the result with obvious satis- ction.

Ft. Bragg, N. C. will moved to Campbell to form the

' | stream

theavy ertillery, heavy trucks, |! ' and probably tanks, to make it} * Pinay informed the French imore readily air transportable.Cabinet in Paris and the | The new unit will test an exper-|Cabinet decided on France's re- ‘imental organization geared to turn to the Assembly. Pinay em- atomic war. phasized that France had not | Beyond saying that the Sth/asked for today’s action, but Infantry Division will replace|pointed out it was unanimous the 6th Infantry Training Divi-|and expressed France's thanks sion at Ft. Ord, the Army would|to those who worked hard to ‘not amplify its announcement.) obtain it.

| However, other sources said the' French Premier Edgar Faure long awaited “1957 troop basis” issued a statement of his own

now has received top level Pen- Saying: =n tagon approval. “The decision to inscribe

(the Algerian question on the a Today’s Index ¢

Assembly's agenda) was shock-

ing. The decision which has

just been taken is satisfying.

; , : I rejoice at the same time for

How can Washington ‘France, which is happy to re-

| finance the needed im- (sume its place in the Assembly provements in its schools? The last in a

series of four editorials

on the school crisis in

‘and for the organization of the ‘United Nations, whose posi- the District appears to- day on Page 18.

tion comes back to conformity to the charter which governs

Page | Amusements . .6

hy Churches 8-9 «

Some diplomats explained privately the compromise was reached so France can take ipart in the vote for the admis- Page sion of 18 countries to the U.N, Kilgalien 6| Delegates of various shades | Movie Guide 17 of opinion said the absence of Classified 27-35 | Night Clubs .10 France from the Assembly Comics ..36-39 | Obituaries ...22 | might endanger plans to take in Crossword 36 | Parsons 6 the 18 new members. District Line 38 | Pearson 39 Krishna Menon’s proposal ' Dixon ..19 | Picture Page 12 ‘simply stated that “the General Editorials ..18 | Postiude , ; | Assembly decides not to con- Events Today 22 | Radio-TV By fx h he it titled Financial .. 10-11) Shopper’s Po. 20 sider further the item Pe youn Goren .....37 |Society . 23-26 | 2ne Question of Algeria’ and Herblock. ...18 | Sokolsky 19 |is therefore no longer seized Horoscope ..37 | Sports ...13-16 |of this item on the agenda of | Keeping Well 34 | Winchell ....17 the tenth session.”


Captured in Police


he tells n Weekly.

have book-lovers and music- list? Wish them a Happy

find a world of ideas for . in the special It'll save you

Prince Georges County police were holding a man last night on charges that he forced a Riverdale housewife at gun point to go on a %mile ride while her frightened 3-year-old son. huddled in the rear seat.


You'll .«« in the special “All

take-off yesterday for another|tion, but it seemed clear that

yrd spoke throughout of

fling on the ice of the southern polar regions.



couldn’t possibly have meant to overlook Edith Ronne of 6323 Wicasset rd., in nearby

Or rather, his tongue did,’Gien Echo Heights, Md.

when it included the whole of the Antarctic as “a silent and . peaceful place where no woman ever has set foot.” Friends of a District woman ho not only has set both feet the Antarctic, but has 250,000 Squere miles of it named for

The wife of Navy Capt. Finn Ronne spent 15 months tramping over. the frozen wastes of Antarctica in 1946- "47, her frierds recalled. She was one of two women in her hus-

band’s expedition—the other | seanass Darlington,

Little America, his famous camp on Antarctica’s Pacific coast, and it was to Little America that he referred when he men- tioned the region’s womanless- ness.

But the TV cameras were off at the time and he was asked to repeat the observation for them. He o hastily and Little America became the Antarctic

wadusiecie cance


Picture Magazine Section and The American Weekly, you'll enjoy The Show entertainment magazine and TV- Radio Week (which includes a com TV programs for the coming week).

2 Jumbo Comic Sections—Your Sunday Washington Post

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~ Phone RE. 7-1234 for Home Delivery

plete listing of the

Police identified him as Ber- nard L. Goodman, about 30, of no fixed address. He was charged with kidnaping, as- sault and battery, assault with a dangerous weapon and car- sd a. Be coycealed weapon.

ce said the gunman got into the housewife’s car in front of the Giant Food Store on Annapolis ave. in Bladens-

_ bm


burg. At one point he fired his

Suspect Held After Mother and Son, 3, Are Saved in 9-Mile Ride at Gunpoint


the ground-to show he meant;called the police, The mother business.’ The child shouted|headed the car toward Green- “firecracker” and started cry-| belt.

ing. . When they were going west The crying may have saved/on Greenbelt rd., Police Pvt, his mother from greater harm} William A. Baxter spotted the because she was able to break|car and gave chase, finally off the conversation to quiet/ forcing it off the road. He ap-

‘into her side and forced her

38 caliber Colt automatic into


the child. |

Police said the woman had) arranged to meet her husband in Riverdale, so she drove in that direction. When she stopped at a red light her hus- band spotted the car and head- ed toward her.

The gunman jabbed his gun

to speed through the red light. The husband oe ediately

proached it with gun drawn.

The gunman did not resist, but after he was handcuffed he told Baxter, “I should have shot you through the head.” .

The housewife exclaimed, “Thank God, you got here,” and grabbed her frightened, con- fused child.

Police said Goodman had been drinking, but was not drunk, .

' ‘THE WASHINGTON POST and TIMES HERALD Seturday, November 26, 1955



Ike Plays Host To 2 Clergymen

By @ Staft Reporter

GETTYSBURG, Nov. 2 President Eisenhower stayed at the farm today, signing offi- cial papers, lunching with two clergymen and playing with his grandchildren.

The churchmen were the Rev. Edward L. R. Elson, pastor of

Quits ICC Post

Chairman Hugh W. Cross of the Interstate Commerce Commission has submitted his resignation to President Eisenhower, who immediate- ly accepted it, White House sides in Gettysburg an- nounced yesterday. Cross has been under Senate investiga- tion. (Story on Page 1.)

‘the National Presbyterian ‘Church in Washington, which

‘the President attends, and the;

‘Rev. Clyde R. Brown, pastor of the Gettysburg Presbyterian Church. They visited the farm

with their wives. The President has not been to church since his heart attack Sept. 24.

He signed papers promoting 97 foreign service officers dur- ing a morning business session with Col. Andrew J. Goodpast- er, secretary of the White House staff.

The Eisenhowers’ son, John; his wife, Barbara, and their three children came _ for Thanksgiving and are expected to stay till Sunday.

White House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty went home to Washington for the weekend, the first time he has left the President since his illness. Hag- erty’s relief, Assistant Press Secretary Murray Snyder, said it was still uncertain whether the President would come back to Gettysburg after Chri’tmas in the White House or remain permanently in Washington. He will go down sometime after Dec. 18, when he is scheduled to open the Pageant of Peace on the Ellipse by remote con- trol from Gettysburg.

Snyder, one of those airlifted to Camp David this week for the Cabinet and National Se- curity Council meetings, said he thought the helicopter flights were a good “demon- stration” of how Government ‘chiefs could get out of town \fast and set up new headquar- ‘ters in an emergency. Other |agencies will be practicing such |}moves in months to come, he said.



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HUGH W. CROSS -++ ICC chairman resigns

D. J. Coddaire Resigns as

SACB Member

By Warren Unna

Staff Reporter David J. Coddaire, a member of the Subversive Activities Control Board since fts creation

in 1950, has resigned. Coddaire, 63, a Boston lawyer, said he submitted his resigna- tion to the White House two

U.S. to Test ‘Improved’ Super-Bomb

By Paul Southwick United Press + The United States plans to

‘jexplode new H-bomb models at NS its Pacific proving grounds next | V7, spring which will rival or sur-|7Z

pass Russia's hew super weap- on, it was disclosed yesterday.

Rep. James E. Van Zandt (R- Pa.), a member of the Joint Congressional Atomic Commit- tee, confirmed to a reported that this country “will launch another series of special weap- ons tests next spring” at Eni- wetok.

Other sources said a variety of H-bomb models are involved. They predicted the energy yields of some of the devices will be equivalent to millions of tons of TNT—the range of the new Soviet bomb announced by the Atomic Energy Commission Wednesday.

Disclosure of the new tests came as Sen. Clinton P. Ander- son (D-N. M.), chairman of the Joint Committee, urged the United States to step up its H- bomb tests in view of Russia's latest “display of fireworks.”

Anderson said in Albuquer-

months ago. Presiden‘ial Assist- ant Sherman Adams later wrote him the resignation had been| accepted.

At his Haverhill, Mass., home, Coddaire said he had no partic- ular plans for the future. Friends recalled his telling them as early as May that he was thinking of taking life easy and getting in some fishing.

Although: Coddaire’s term on the Board expired Aug. 9, a Con- gressional amending bill, signed a few days before, permitted members to serve until their successors had been appointed and confirmed. Coddaire was in the middie of hearing a case at the time and continued in office.

Coddaire, a Republican, was appointed by President Tru- man to two terms on the Board. Previously, Mr. Truman ap- pointed him to the United States Maritime Commission. Coddaire also once served as

que, N. M., that this country “had better not relax its vigil- ance now” as the test shows “their smiling faces aren't smil- ing all the time. The er of their latest test certainly should require us to keep up and to step up our own testing.”

In announcing the Soviet test, AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss said its force was “in the range of megatons.” A meg- aton is the explosive equival- ent of 1 million tons of TNT. That clearly placed the Red bomb in the hydrogen rather than atomic range.

Van Zandt denied reports the Eniwetok tests had been de layed or cancelled because of the Geneva big four conference and the world Atoms-for-Peace plan. He said tests are proceed- ing on schedule,

It was understood the tests would include H-bombs larger than the famous shot of March 1, 1954, estimated to have had a power equal to from 12 to 20

Assistant Attorney General for Massachusetts. |

The Subversive Activities Control Board was established by the Internal Security Act. Its main function is to conduct hearings and make findings on petitions filed by the Attorney General under the Act's regis- | tration provisions.

A Board member now gets $15,000 a year. Remaining SCAB appointees are: Thomas J. Herbert, chairman; and for- mer Sen. Harry P. Cain (fR- Wash.), Kathryn McHale, and Watson B. Miller.

Woman Flier Killed MEXICO CITY, Nov. 25 @& Consuelo Padua, 23, Mexico's only woman flying instructor, was killed yesterday when her plane collided with another aircraft in flight. Capt. Gilber- to Moralez, pilot of the other plane, also was killed. He was

millien tons of TNT. ‘Can't Afford A-War,’ Groves Says of Test

NORWALK, Conn., Nov. 25 m™—Lit. Gen. Leslie H. Groves, who headed the World War Il Manhattan Project that de- veloped the atomic bomb, said today the disclosure that Rus- sia had exploded another nuclear device “is not particu- larly pleasant.”

“It emphasizes once again that we can’t afford a nuclear war,” Groves said. The retired general now is vice president of the Remington Rand Corp.

Groves said the atomic bomb was the first weapon that led men toward the idea that “war is too terrible” to wage.

“We're not the only ones who don’t want war,” he said. “Rus- sian leaders don’t want one,

dusting crops.



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MRS. FINN RONNE «++ Silence can be icy

POLAR—From Page I

Byrd Error Gets Reaction

in the televised version. The Washington Post and Times Herald carried the Associated Press account of the interview which also used the Antarctic version and takes this oppor- tunity to regret the error.

Capt. and Mrs. Ronne could not be reached for comment on the Admiral’s slip, which ig- nored “Jackie” Ronne’s consid- erable part in discovering the Antarctic world. The Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition was a privately financed trip, which “Jackie,” a George Wash- ington University graduate and former State Department em- ploye, had no intention of tak- ing.

She meant to say goodby to her husband in January 1946, but the party decided she would be indispensable as a chronicler of the trip.

Capt. Ronne, a Norwegian in


this country since 1923, a naturalized American citizen

six years later.

In addition to claiming the 250,000 square miles of new land he named after his wife, Ronne and his two-woman par- ty set up a base on the Atlantic coast of Antarctica and made detailed observations in meteor- ology, climatology, solar radia- tion, atmospheric refraction, terrestrial magnetism, oceanog- raphy, seismology, cosmic radiology and geology.

The expedition was the first to prove definitely that Ant-

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arctica was a single continent, unsplit by a strait of water as many previous investigators (all of them men) had believed. Upon her return, Mrs. Ronne herself commented on the silence and peace of the place. “It got so.bad,” she said, “that you'd become terribly ir- ritated just by the way your neighbor tied his shoes.”

H. R. Anderson Honored

ATLANTIC CITY, N. Y., Nov. 25 ‘#—Wendell E. Dunn, prin- cipal of Forest Park High

School, Baltimore, today was elected to a one-year term as president of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. Among executive committeemen elect- ed was Hurst R. Anderson, American University, Washing- ton, D. C.

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Van Houten Named CG Of District

Maj. Gen. John G. Van Houten will become Command

Stokes Van Houten

ing General of the Military Dis- trict of Washington on Feb. 6, it was announced yesterday.

Van Houten will succeed Maj. Gen. John H. Stokes Jr., who will become Chief of Mili- tary History for the Army on that date.

Van Houten is now com- mander of the 8th Infantry Di-

ivision at Ft. Carson, Colo, He

will be relieved from that post on Jan. 16 by Maj. Gen. Thomas M. Waltington, now. Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff for Re- search and Special Weapons. A native of Macon, Ga., Van Houten has spent little time in Washington. He attended the National War College here dur- ing the 1948-9 terms and before that served a tour of duty with

Md. In World War II, the 5l-year-

jto Ft. Carson in 1954.

the Second Army at Ft. Meade.)

CSC Studies Changes in Top Grades

The grades and salaries of a small number of Federal agency personnel directors would be changed under tenta- tive job classification standards issued recently by the Civil Service Commission.

CSC made detailed studies of 50 top personnel jobs here and in field offices which it con- sidered to be “typical.” Its findings were sent to Federal agencies which have until Dec. 14 to file their comments and suggestions. CSC is reserv- ing the right to modify both its standards and- qualifi- cations for the jobs.

Upward of 1500 key person-

the CSC directives once they are are issued., perhaps after the New Year.

A preliminary check shows that the grades and salaries of most of the joba would con- tinue unchanged. An official estimated that salary cuts would be made in fewer than 10 per cent of the jobs. He also said that pay boosts may be ordered in about 15 per cent of the jobs and that most of the jobs that may be up- graded are in the field service.

Martin to Make Four December Talks in Florida

FORT MYERS, Fla., Nov. 25 (#*—House Minority Leader Jo- seph W. Martin will make four speeches in Florida next month. He speaks Dec. 8 to the Wom- en’s Republican Club in St. Petersburg and at a Repub- lican Party League dinner in Sarasota, Dec. 8 On he speaks at a Manatee GOP

ton and on Dec. 10 in Jackson- ville at a fund-raising dinner sponsored by the Republican Club of Duval County. Martin also has been invited to speak at Daytona Beach, Fla., Dec. 12.

Committee dinner in Braden

old Van Houten served as Chief of Staff and later as Assistant Commander of the 9th Infantry Division.

He returned to Europe in 1951 as Assistant Commander of the 28th Division and later took command of that unit. In 1953 Van Houten became As- sistant Chief of Staff of the United States Army in Europe, holding that job until he went

|Vatican Says

Steps Up Persecution Reuters

VATICAN CITY, Nov. 25 The Vatican newspaper Osserv- atore Romano today declared that persecution of the Catholie Church in Communist Hungary has increased in recent months.

“In every diocese arbitrary surveillance by the civil off cials has become oppressive,” the article said, and warned against believing writings or speeches’ said to have been made by priests in support of the regime.

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